The Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust

Diagnostic tests

Diagnostic tests to diagnose testicular cancer include:

  • ultrasound - a scrotal ultrasound is a painless procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce an image of the inside of the testicle.
  • blood tests - a series of blood tests to detect certain hormones in the blood are analysed for AFP (alpha feta protein), HCG (human chorionic gonadotrophin) and LDH (lactate dehydrogenate)
  • orchidectomy - the best way to examine a testicular lump is by removing the affected testicle completely and it is also the main treatment.