What is robotic surgery?
Robotic surgery, also referred to as robotically-assisted surgery, is a form of minimally invasive surgery (key-hole surgery). The most widely used robotic equipment is the da Vinci Surgical System.
The da Vinci Surgical System
The da Vinci Surgical System consists of several key components, including: an ergonomically designed console where the surgeon sits while operating, a patient-side cart where the patient lays during surgery, four interactive robotic arms, a high-definition 3D vision system, and proprietary EndoWrist® instruments.
The surgeon operates seated comfortably at a console while viewing a high definition, 3D image inside the patient’s body. The surgeon's fingers grasp the master controls below the display with hands and wrists naturally positioned relative to his or her eyes. The system seamlessly translates the surgeon's hand, wrist and finger movements into precise, real-time movements of surgical instruments.
The patient-side cart is where the patient is positioned during surgery. It includes four robotic arms that carry out the surgeon's commands.
The vision system is equipped with a high-definition, 3D endoscope (flexible tube with a camera and light at the tip) and image processing equipment that provides true-to-life images of the patient’s anatomy. A view of the operating field is available to the entire team on a large viewing monitor (vision cart).
A full range of EndoWrist instruments is available to the surgeon while operating. The instruments are designed with seven degrees of motion - a range of motion even greater than the human wrist. Each instrument has a specific surgical mission such as clamping, suturing and tissue manipulation. Quick-release levers speed instrument changes during surgery.
Potential benefits of Robotic Surgery
- Shorter hospital stay
- Less pain
- Reduced blood loss and need for blood transfusion
- Faster recover and return to normal activities